What is Conventional Heavy crude?

Conventional Heavy is a blend of conventionally produced heavy crudes including Wabasca Heavy, Lloyd Blend, Lloyd Kerrobert, and Smiley-Coleville.

Enbridge Pooled Crude Quality Specification

Pooled crudes at Superior are subject to quality specifications set by Enbridge. Test methods employed, typical results, testing frequency, and mitigation/penalty details can be found from the most recent document available here. Contact Enbridge Pipelines directly for additional information regarding pooled crude quality requirements.

Light Ends Summary

Property (vol%)Most Recent Sample6 Month Average1 Year Average5 Year Average
C3- 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.09
Butanes 2.51 2.11 2.25 2.02
Pentanes 5.66 4.93 5.05 5.03
Hexanes 3.67 3.26 3.43 3.65
Heptanes 3.43 3.22 3.04 2.83
Octanes 1.51 1.40 1.64 2.14
Nonanes 1.13 1.12 1.07 1.53
Decanes - - - 0.77

BTEX

Property (vol%)Most Recent Sample6 Month Average1 Year Average5 Year Average
Benzene 0.10 0.12 0.11 0.12
Toluene 0.27 0.25 0.24 0.24
Ethyl Benzene 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.07
Xylenes 0.34 0.32 0.31 0.30

Distillation

TBP ASTM D2892 & D5236
HTSD ASTM D7169

Export Conventional Heavy Data

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Most Recent Sample Comments:
CHV-633, Feb 18, 2017

Last 6 Samples

Density, sulphur, TAN, and metals were slightly lower than usual in the February sample of Conventional Heavy. Merged simulated distillation data indicated a larger naphtha fraction and smaller residue.

Basic Analysis

PropertyMost Recent Sample6 Month Average1 Year Average5 Year Average
Density (kg/m3) 925.4 929.2 927.9 929.2
Gravity (oAPI) 21.3 20.7 20.9 20.7
Sulphur (wt%) 3.04 3.23 3.25 3.51
MCR (wt%) 9.90 9.60 9.53 9.48
Sediment (ppmw) - 201 177 187
TAN (mgKOH/g) 0.97 1.13 1.14 1.09
Salt (ptb) - 16.4 17.9 16.3
Nickel (mg/L) 40.9 45.1 47.0 50.2
Vanadium (mg/L) 97.7 111.3 116.8 126.5
Olefins (wt%) ND ND ND ND

*ND indicates a tested value below the instrument threshold.
1 Reference temperatures can be found here

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